There, federal soldiers come upon the fugitives at breakfast, and Demetrio runs off. He returns with a gun, however, to prevent the wild and lawless soldiers from raping his wife. Being no killer, Demetrio lets them go free, only to have them come back with reinforcements and burn his fields. Demetrio then joins a band of sixty sharpshooting rebel outlaws and helps them to drive off twice that many soldiers.
Plot overview and analysis written by an experienced literary critic. Full study guide for this title currently under development. To be notified when we launch a full study guide, please contact us. Azuela himself was a medic during this conflict and brings his firsthand knowledge to bear in his work, which was one of the first critiques of the revolution and of post-revolution society.
It was initially published as a serial in the newspaper El Paso del Norte in and retains this episodic nature in novel form. Having opposed the local caciqe or leader, Demetrio finds his life in danger and he is forced to abandon his family and flee to the mountains.
There he joins a small band of rebels who are fighting the Federales, or government forces. During an encounter with these soldiers, Demetrio is shot in the leg and has to be taken to a nearby village to rest.
His wound is treated by Camilla, a woman who soon falls in love with another of the rebels, the proud medical student Luis Cervantes, who has recently deserted the Federales in favor of the rebels and who will eventually flee the revolution for the safety of the U. Through a series of military victories, Demetrio rises in the ranks of the rebel army, eventually becoming a general.
From this point on, however, his luck turns and, after a defeat at Aguascalientes, his men are forced to retreat. The novel moves quickly between major events and Azuela is careful to draw attention to the differences and dissension that exists among the rebel factions.
Furthermore, the behavior of the rebels increasingly reflects that of the government forces they are fighting against; they rape women, murder men and loot villages. These behaviors are particularly evident in the characters of Whitey and La Pintada, who represent the darker excesses of the rebel forces.
Demetrio, on the other hand, while far from perfect, remains something of an idealist, whose first instinct is to share the loot among the people, instead of keeping it all for himself.
Rather than bringing about change or even delivering peace to the ordinary people of Mexico, the rebels begin to mete out the kind of violence that they were once subject to at the hands of the army, and which motivated them to rebel in the first place.
While the revolution is almost over, the government is not content to let the rebels go unpunished. Troops are sent to the last remaining strongholds and Demetrio, vastly outnumbered, dies alone while taking aim at a soldier.
The novel thus ends in the same place it began, and its cyclical nature suggests that change is illusory and that the revolution has failed. His detailed descriptions of the landscape seem to offer a metaphor for the difficult moral terrain the rebels find themselves in and its unchanging nature compounds the sense that the revolution has failed to fundamentally change Mexican society.
Given that many of the rebels come from poor backgrounds, their desire for material things seems natural, but in prioritizing their greed over the broader goals of the revolution, their cause itself becomes impoverished.
The Underdogs takes an unflinching look at a complex period in Mexican history and asks some difficult questions, both about the revolution itself and, implicitly, about post-revolution society.
As a result it remains a necessary and important account of this seminal time. Copyright Super Summary.The Underdogs by Mariano Azuela as a Reflection of the Mexican Revolution Words | 9 Pages Women of "The Underdogs" We were asked to write a page paper on Mariano Azuela's "The Underdogs," and how women were portrayed in it, as well as whether or .
Latin American literature - The 20th century: Eventually the innovations of Modernismo became routine, and poets began to look elsewhere for ways to be original.
The next important artistic movement in Latin America was the avant-garde, or the vanguardia, as it is known in Spanish.
This movement reflected several European movements, especially Surrealism. Azuela, Mariano (), The Underdogs: A Novel of the Mexican Revolution, translated by Sergio Waisman, New York: Penguin.
Azuela, Mariano (), The Underdogs: with Related Texts, translated by Gustavo Pellón, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company. Azuela presents a wavering sense of worth: the characters either experience great poverty or great riches.
There is no middle ground in The Underdogs. In the villages, the Federales take everything: the animals, the food, and the women. When the revolutionaries reach a village, there is .
Culture of Mexico - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family Ma-Ni. The Underdogs a Novel of the Mexican Revolution Themes Mariano Azuela This Study Guide consists of approximately 38 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of The Underdogs a Novel of the Mexican Revolution.