However, these romanticized principles are also related to a myriad of environmental problems including increased use of fossil fuels for longer commutes, urban heat island effect, loss of wildlife habitat, and disruptions in the water cycle caused by the spread of impermeable surfaces.
In a recent victory, M. Environmental science has been a subject of great importance to us from ancient time. However, not much concern was expressed until some signs of its detritions are noticed as a result of human activities.
Several governmental and non-governmental organizations have initiated programs to monitor and understand it better. Atmospheric chemistry, pollution, air quality are among the prominent environmental issues of the 21st century. Therefore awareness about it must begin at the grass root level through schools.
It directed the National Council for Educational Research and Training NCERT to frame a model syllabus for the schools keeping in view the judgment and submit it before the court on or before 14th April so as to enable them to consider the feasibility to introduce such syllabus uniformly throughout the country.
Learned Attorney General pointed out to us that the Central Government is associated with education at higher levels and University Grants Commission can monitor only the undergraduate and postgraduate studies.
The rest of it, according to him, is a state subject. He has agreed that the university Grants Commission will take appropriate steps immediately to give effect to what we have said, that is requiring the universities to prescribe a course on Environment.
They would consider the feasibility of making this a compulsory subject at every level in college education. So far as education up to the college level is concern, we would require every State Government and every Education Board connected with education up to the matriculation stage or even intermediate colleges to immediately take steps to enforce compulsory education on environment in graded way.
Hence, the above Supreme Court directive is a positive gesture for environmental science awareness campaign. The concept to save our environment will automatically follow once awareness is created about its importance in the main stream.
Now it is left to the implementing agencies as to how fast and effectively they can act on it. Because this may certainly require a proper balance in overall load on a student by shortening the syllabus of other subjects without compromising the important elements and at the same time full weightage should be given to the new subject.
We should start working directly and more rigorously on the content and material to be tough in a systematic manner in different standards regarding the environment subject.
The environmental science should be considered as compulsory subject irrespective of the selection of optional subject. In a later stage say in intermediate or sothis may be included as specialized course rather than subject, which may cover different disciplines of environmental science in detail.
Mehta filed this application in the public interest, asking the Supreme Court to: Petitioner made this application on the grounds that Article 51A g of the Constitution requires every citizen to protect and improve the natural environment, including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures.
To fulfil these obligations to the environment, the Petitioner argued that people needed to be better educated about the environment. Water Pollution Control Act of Air Pollution Control Act Environment Protection Act of Held The Court noted the world-wide concern about environmental matters had increased greatly since the early s.
Thus, the Court issued the following directions: Failure to comply with this order is grounds for cancellation of a license. One such film will be shown, as far as practicable, in one show every day by the cinema halls.
They should consider making this course a compulsory subject. As far as education up to the college level, every State Government and every Education Board connected with education up to the matriculation stage, as well as intermediate colleges, is required to take steps to enforce compulsory education on the environment in a graded way.
Compliance is required for the next academic year. Tracing the history of the case that culminated in the December 18 court order may itself constitute an academic exercise of sorts. In its order, delivered on November 22,the court had directed the central government, states, union territories and educational organizations responsible for prescribing syllabi to comply with its ruling by the academic year ; it had also mandated commercial cinema halls to allow a minimum number of free slide shows on the theme of environmental protection and asked authorities to cancel the licenses of errant halls.
So Mehta petitioned the court again on July 21,whereupon the court issued notices to the same state agencies, seeking their responses regarding the implementation of its order.
About a month later, on November 25, the court also had to issue notices to Tamil Nadu regarding contradictions in its request for exemptions from filing the affidavit before the deadline; on December 9, the chief secretary apologized in that regard on behalf of that state.
The situation now, however, is a little different: This time the court has taken it on itself to oversee the process directly, one of whose chief elements includes for it to approve the syllabi that the agencies are ordered to turn in by April Of course, as noted earlier, the Indian press has relegated this whole issue to insignificance, even at the level of news.
A number of factors actually point to the probability that the order at best extends and empowers the vapid and, in many ways, crudely technocratic Indian bureaucracy; at worst, it outclasses the bureaucracy in its lack of imagination and anti-democratic paternalism.
For one, it is ludicrous for the court to assume that the myriad agencies that have dishonored it for the past 12 years would now be excited about and capable of activating - genuinely teaching - the syllabi in classrooms once they are designed and introduced.
Short of that, how is the court going to ensure anything significant in the sensitive area of education? The fact of the matter is that the Indian education system, a single but formidable component of the government, is an unwieldy bureaucracy still firmly rooted in the colonial past: Qualitatively it was the branch of British colonial government entrusted to breed clerks and petty officials to serve the Crown; administratively it was and continues to be highly centralized, even though India has a large number of universities, most of which are geographically divided into small colleges.
Anybody who has an Indian education is likely to agree that most of it is based on learning by rote and time-bound annual exams.A rare-earth element (REE) or rare-earth metal (REM), as defined by IUPAC, is one of a set of seventeen chemical elements in the periodic table, specifically the fifteen lanthanides, as well as scandium and yttrium.
Scandium and yttrium are considered rare-earth elements because they tend to occur in the same ore deposits as the lanthanides and exhibit similar chemical properties. Environmental sciences ERSC H Marta Wolniewicz Recycling 2 Introduction: Recycling is very important for the natural environment and for humans as well.
Littering has a huge negative effect on our environment and human health. The Effects of Paper Recycling and its Environmental Impact, Environmental Management in Practice, Elzbieta Broniewicz, IntechOpen, DOI: / Available from: Iveta Cabalova, Frantisek Kacik, Anton Geffert and Danica Kacikova (July 5th ).
Recycling is crucial and even the smallest step can have significant benefits for the environment. A better understanding of the advanatges of recycling can ensure that it .
Recycling And Its Effects On Our Environment Words | 7 Pages. and frequently used whenever there is a discussion about recycling. Recycling is the reclaiming of waste materials such as used glass bottles, paper, plastic, and aluminum by using them in the manufacturing of new products.
Recycling has become apart of the “Go Green” movement. Questions not just topics. While the topics are predictable enough, the actual questions are invariably extremely precise. Again, there is also a good reason for this: the examiners do not want you to learn an essay, they want to test your English and see if you can answer a precise question, rather than produce a general answer to a general topic.