Chronic pancreatitis case study

How often do you drink alcohol, and when was your last drink? Which laboratory data indicated that Jared is experiencing acute pancreatitis? Morphine 5 mg IV push administered diluted over 5 minutes. Which diet should the nurse expect the HCP to prescribe for Jared?

Chronic pancreatitis case study

Complications Chronic pancreatitis is a long-term progressive inflammatory disease of the pancreas that leads to permanent breakdown of the structure and function of the pancreas.

The pancreas is a gland organ that is located in the abdomen, behind the stomach and below the ribcage. It specializes in producing important enzymes and hormones that help break down and digest Chronic pancreatitis case study. It also makes insulin to moderate the levels of sugar in the blood.

The most common cause is long-term alcohol abuse - it is thought to account for between 70 and 80 percent of all cases. Chronic pancreatitis results in overvisits to a doctor and 56, hospitalizations annually in the United States.

Significantly more men than women are affected. Treatment The pancreas produces important enzymes and hormones that help break down foods. The following treatments are commonly recommended for chronic pancreatitis. Lifestyle changes People with chronic pancreatitis will need to undergo some lifestyle changes.

Giving up drinking will help prevent further damage to the pancreas. It will also contribute significantly towards relieving the pain. Some people may need professional help to quit alcohol.

Smoking is not a cause of pancreatitis, but it can accelerate the progression of the disease. Pain management Treatment should not only focus on helping ease the pain symptoms, but also depression which is a common consequence of long-term pain.

Chronic pancreatitis case study

Doctors will usually use a step-by-step approach, in which mild painkillers are prescribed, gradually becoming stronger until pain becomes manageable. Insulin The pancreas may stop producing insulin if the damage is extensive. The individual is likely to have developed diabetes type 1.

Guidelines for the understanding and management of pain in chronic pancreatitis - ScienceDirect

Diabetes type 1 caused by chronic pancreatitis involves injections, not tablets, because most likely the digestive system will not be able to break them down. Surgery Severe chronic pain sometimes does not respond to painkilling medications. The ducts in the pancreas may have become blocked, causing an accumulation of digestive juices which puts pressure on them, causing intense pain.

Another cause of chronic and intense pain could be inflammation of the head of the pancreas. Several forms of surgery may be recommended to treat more severe cases. Endoscopic surgery A narrow, hollow, flexible tube called an endoscope is inserted into the digestive system, guided by ultrasound.

A device with a tiny, deflated balloon at the end is threaded through the endoscope.

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When it reaches the duct, the balloon is inflated, thus widening the duct. A stent is placed to stop the duct from narrowing back. Pancreas resection The head of the pancreas is surgically removed.

This not only relieves the pain caused by inflammation irritating the nerve endings, but it also reduces pressure on the ducts. Three main techniques are used for pancreas resection: This involves resection of the inflamed pancreatic head with careful sparing of the duodenum, the rest of the pancreas is reconnected to the intestines.

This is used when the doctor believes pain is being caused by both inflammation of the head of the pancreas as well as the blocked ducts. The Frey procedure adds a longitudinal duct decompression to the pancreatic head resection - the head of the pancreas is surgically removed, and the ducts are decompressed by connecting them directly to the intestines.

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The gallbladder, ducts, and the head of the pancreas are all surgically removed. This is only done in very severe cases of intense chronic pain where the head of the pancreas is inflamed, and the ducts are also blocked. This is the most effective procedure for reducing pain and conserving pancreas function.

However, it has the highest risk of infection and internal bleeding. Total pancreatectomy This involves the surgical removal of the whole pancreas. It is very effective in dealing with the pain. However, a person who has had a total pancreatectomy will be dependent on treatment for some of the vital functions of the pancreas, such as the release of insulin.

Autologous pancreatic islet cell transplantation APICT During the total pancreatectomy procedure, a suspension of isolated islet cells is created from the surgically removed pancreas and injected into the portal vein of the liver. The islets cells will function as a free graft in the liver and will produce insulin.Abdominal pain is the foremost complication of chronic pancreatitis (CP).

Pain can be related to recurrent or chronic inflammation, local complications or neurogenic mechanisms with corresponding changes in the nervous systems.

Learn hesi case study chronic pancreatitis with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of hesi case study chronic pancreatitis flashcards on Quizlet. When the nurse is discussing the complications of chronic pancreatitis with Jared and his wife, which information should be included in the teaching?

(Select all that apply.) -The need to . How long can a dog live with pancreatitis? Dogs can live quite normally with pancreatitis when they receive proper treatment at home. Recognizing the symptoms of pancreatitis in dogs early and adjusting their diet is the best way to prevent serious complications from canine pancreatitis later.

Disease Management Clinical Decisions Pancreatitis. A year-old Baptist minister presents with a history of a sudden onset of mid-abdominal pain radiating to his back.

Diagnosis. Low grade chronic pancreatitis can be difficult to diagnose because their symptoms can be confused easily with other conditions. Recent studies have found a high rate of under-diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis in dogs.

Chronic pancreatitis case study
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