His parents, who were poor peasants, died when he was three years old. He worked with his uncle until he was thirteen. Then he walked forty miles to the city of Oaxaca, Mexico, to move in with his sister.
Benito Juarez is considered one of Mexico's greatest and most beloved leaders. During his political career he helped to institute a series of liberal reforms that were embodied into the new constitution of During the French occupation of Mexico, Juarez refused to accept the rule of the Monarchy or any other foreign nation, and helped to establish Mexico as a constitutional democracy.
He also promoted equal rights for the Indian population, better access to health care and education, lessening the political and financial power of the Roman Catholic church, and championed the raising of the living standards for the rural poor. Benito Juarez was born March 21stthe child of Zapoteco Indians.
After they died when he was three, he went to live with his uncle, but when he was 12 he joined his sister in Oaxaca. He began studying for the priesthood, but in changed to studying for a law degree, which he received in That year he also began his political career, with a seat on the municipal council.
In he became a judge, and the governor of Oaxaca. Benito Juarez - Mexican President and National Hero In the conservatives took power in Mexico and many liberals were exiled, including Juarez, who spent his time of exile in New Orleans.
In the liberals won the election, and Benito Juarez returned from his exile as the Minister of Justice. In he was elevated to preside over the supreme court, in effect making him the Vice President. In the conservatives rebelled, and again Juarez had to leave Mexico City, this time fleeing to Veracruz, where he created a government in exile.
As the treasury was practically empty Juarez made the decision to suspend payment on all foreign debts for a two year period. Spain and Britain were there to protect their financial interests, and left in April, after it became clear that France had conquest in mind.
The French troops fought for two years, and although suffering a serious defeat on 5th Mayeventually captured Mexico City in Juneand placed Archduke Maximilian of Austria on the Mexican throne.
After four years with growing pressure from America, continuing resistance from Mexicans and criticism from the French govenrment and people, finally the Napoleonic forces withdrew.
Maximilian himself was captured and executed on 19th June Juarez returned to Mexico city, and the presidency even after suffering a stroke in Octoberand the loss of his wife in He won the presidential election inbut died on 18th Julyof a heart attack.Benito Juarez Mexican national hero; brought liberal reforms to Mexico, including separation of church and state, land distribution to the poor, and an educational system for all of Mexico.
Benito Juarez Background and quotes from Mexico for Kids. Hero or Heretic? An examination of his career and legacy.
Share this: Benito Juárez Biography. President of Mexico. Orphaned at an early age, Benito Juárez did not begin his education until he was 12 years old. Despite the late start, he studied law and entered politics in the s.
President Porfirio Diaz. José de la Cruz Porfirio Diaz Mori was a year-old militia soldier during the U.S.-Mexican War, the beginning of a career of military and political service that would.
Benito Juárez, in full Benito Pablo Juárez García, (born March 21, , San Pablo Guelatao, Oaxaca, Mexico—died July 18, , Mexico City), national hero and president of Mexico (–72), who for three years (–67) fought against foreign occupation under the emperor Maximilian and who sought constitutional reforms to create a democratic federal republic.
Benito Juárez (–) was a Mexican politician and statesman of the late 19th century, and president of Mexico for five terms during the turbulent years of to Perhaps the most remarkable aspect of Juarez’s life in politics was his background: he was a full-blooded native of. The birthday of Benito Juárez is celebrated as a public holiday in Mexico on the third Monday in March.
This national hero is known for making reforms to create a democratic federal republic.